En lo que va del siglo, las importaciones mexicanas de fundiciones y productos manufacturados de hierro y acero se dispararon 128 por ciento, mientras las de aluminio aumentaron 184 por ciento, de acuerdo con estadísticas del Banco de México (BdM).

El año pasado las importaciones de hierro y acero duplicaron las exportaciones que México hace de los mismos productos y cuadruplicaron las de aluminio.

En 2000, las compras que hizo México a otros países, principalmente Estados Unidos, sólo de fundiciones de hierro y acero, sumaron 3 mil 558 millones de dólares, pero en 2017 el monto se elevó a 10 mil 207 millones 304 mil dólares.

En productos manufacturados de hierro y acero, las importaciones subieron de 5 mil 26 millones 960 mil dólares en el primer año del siglo 21 a 9 mil 375 millones 709 mil dólares en 2017.

La suma en ambas categorías de hierro y acero ascendió a 8 mil 584 millones 964 mil dólares en 2000 a 19 mil 583 millones 13 mil dólares en 2017, es decir, un incremento de más del doble en lo que va del siglo.

En cuanto a las importaciones de productos manufactureros de aluminio pasaron de 2 mil 73 millones 54 mil dólares a 5 mil 894 millones 77 mil dólares en el mismo periodo, de acuerdo con las cifras oficiales.

En promedio, México importaba fundiciones y manufacturas de hierro y acero con valor de 715 mil 413 millones de dólares cada mes al principio de siglo, pero a la fecha las compras ascienden a mil 631 millones de dólares cada mes.

El país realiza exportaciones de los tres tipos de productos, pero las cifras son menores.

En 2000, México vendió al exterior mil 47 millones 185 mil dólares en fundiciones de hierro y acero, así como 2 mil 385 millones 478 mil en manufactura del mismo material. El año pasado subieron a 2 mil 546 millones 453 mil dólares en fundiciones y a 5 mil 869 millones 132 mil dólares en manufacturas. Es decir, en total 3 mil 872 millones 663 mil dólares por ambos rubros en 2000 y subieron a 8 mil 415 millones 585 mil dólares en 17 años, lo que implica un incremento de 117 por ciento.

Las exportaciones de productos de aluminio fue de tan sólo 563 millones 165 dólares en 2000 y subieron a mil 364 millones 290 mil dólares en 2017, un alza de 142 por ciento.

Las cifras indican que las importaciones de acero y hierro representan 2.3 veces más que las exportaciones que hace México al respecto, y el el caso de los productos de hierro la relación se eleva en 4.3 veces.

México lamenta profundamente y reprueba la decisión de los Estados Unidos de imponer estos aranceles a las importaciones de acero y aluminio provenientes de México a partir del 1 de junio, bajo el criterio de seguridad nacional. 

 

DIRECCIÓN GENERAL DE COMUNICACIÓN SOCIAL

Ciudad de México, a 31 de mayo de 2018

Comunicado 044/18

 

México ha indicado en reiteradas ocasiones que este tipo de medidas bajo el criterio de seguridad nacional no son adecuadas ni justificadas.

El acero y el aluminio son insumos que contribuyen a la competitividad de varios sectores estratégicos y altamente integrados en América del Norte, como el automotriz, aeroespacial, eléctrico y electrónico, entre otros. México es el principal comprador de aluminio y el segundo de acero de Estados Unidos.

México reitera su postura en contra de medidas proteccionistas que afectan y distorsionan el comercio internacional de mercancías.

Ante los aranceles impuestos por EE.UU., México impondrá medidas equivalentes a diversos productos como aceros planos (lamina caliente y fría, incluidos recubiertos y tubos diversos), lámparas, piernas y paletas de puerco, embutidos y preparaciones alimenticias, manzanas, uvas, arándanos, diversos quesos, entre otros, hasta por un monto equiparable al nivel de la afectación.

Esta medida estará vigente hasta en tanto el gobierno estadounidense no elimine los aranceles impuestos.

México reitera su apertura al diálogo constructivo con EE.UU., su apoyo al sistema comercial internacional y su rechazo a las medidas proteccionistas unilaterales.

The United States has expanded its Business Facilitation Program (BFP) in Mexico to allow access to expedited visa processing for employees of qualifying companies traveling to the U.S. on company business.

According to the U.S. Embassy in Mexico, the BFP will provide time-saving benefits for businesses whose employees need to travel to the U.S. and will highlight the United States’ commitment to deepen trade and economic relations with Mexico.

Mexico is Latin America’s second-largest economy with a GDP of over $1.1 trillion dollars which grew nearly 4% in 2012, offering U.S. companies robust and growing opportunities to do business.Both countries have developed a highly integrated economic relationship in the past few decades which has significantly accelerated since NAFTA was implemented in 1994.

Currently, Mexico is the United States’ second-largest export market with purchases reaching $217 billion in 2012 and is the third-largest source of imports at nearly $280 billion in products.Bilateral trade has multiplied by six from 1993 to when NAFTA was implemented in 1994. Moreover, the United States is Mexico’s largest source of foreign direct investment. Since 1999, more than 24,300 companies with U.S. capital have invested over $152 billion in Mexico. As a result, an intense and growing flow of business travelers between both countries now require an expedited clearance process at ports of entry.This process will help conduct business in the most efficient way by taking advantage of the country’s geographic proximity that allows easy and short-distance trips.

Therefore, the BFP is now open throughout Mexico and is available at all U.S. Consulates and the Embassy. The BFP requires interested firms to register with the U.S. Embassy’s or Consulates’ Consular Section. Participating companies will benefit from access to the U.S. visa appointment system, allowing a company representative to schedule online visa application appointments in a reserved appointment block. In addition, employees of participating companies will receive expedited processing and visa delivery for their approved applications.

 

 

Jueves, 26 Septiembre 2013 21:57

New Mexican superhighway

On July 15, 2011, the first AeroMexico flight from Monterrey, Mexico, arrived at Brownsville South Padre International Airport to much fanfare. Less than a month later, Mexico’s largest airline announced it would extend by a year its trial run of service to Brownsville and add a third flight during the week. Last year, AeroMexico doubled its weekly Brownsville flights during April to accommodate Semana Santa travelers.

An ambitious, nearly complete superhighway connecting Mexico’s Pacific coast to the Gulf Coast has the potential to significantly benefit the Rio Grande Valley — but only with aggressive marketing of the area to companies that move products across the border.

That’s according to Steve Perez, president of Cargo USA Logistics. He said the so-called Mazatlan-to-Matamoros corridor, part of the comprehensive National Infrastructure Plan put forward by former Mexican President Felipe Calderón in 2007 to facilitate trade and tourism and boost the country’s economy, should be finished this July or August.

The task locally is to convince importers and exporters that a Brownsville-Matamoros crossing is a feasible, economical alternative to busy ports of entry such as Laredo and Nogales, he said. The fact that an increasing number of U.S. manufacturers are moving operations out of China and into Mexico adds to potential opportunities for Brownsville and the county, Perez noted.

Raw materials are shipping into Mexico, turned into products, then transported back into the United States and elsewhere worldwide.

“We have to do a good job at marketing, obviously,” he said. “This is a very big investment from the Mexican point of view — almost $2 billion to establish this corridor. Most of those billions are on the west site, from Mazatlan to Durango.”

mazatlan-durangoPerhaps the most impressive aspect of the corridor project is the Baluarte River Bridge in the Sierra Madre Occidental Mountains in western Mexico. Spanning 1,706 feet and standing 1,321 feet high, it’s the tallest bridge in North America and the highest cable-stayed bridge in the world. The corridor features several other tall bridges in addition to Baluarte, as well as more than 60 tunnels.

The project has spurred construction of an overhead highway in Matamoros that will connect Veterans International Bridge at Los Tomates with the Mazatlan-to-Matamoros superhighway, giving commercial traffic a route that avoids Matamoros traffic jams. The Matamoros highway should be finished in about four months, Perez said.

On the Texas side, the completion of Interstate 69 to the Valley will help provide the necessary infrastructure to lure more commercial traffic, as will the already partially complete Texas Highway 550, which will connect the Port of Brownsville with the future I-69 (now U.S. 77/83), he said.

Another essential piece is the Texas Highway 32 East Loop project, which will connect Veterans Bridge with the Port of Brownsville, Perez said. Construction on that project is expected to begin this year.

 

 

Jueves, 26 Septiembre 2013 21:22

Airline suspends Brownsville-Monterrey flight

On July 15, 2011, the first AeroMexico flight from Monterrey, Mexico, arrived at Brownsville South Padre International Airport to much fanfare. Less than a month later, Mexico’s largest airline announced it would extend by a year its trial run of service to Brownsville and add a third flight during the week. Last year, AeroMexico doubled its weekly Brownsville flights during April to accommodate Semana Santa travelers.

Aeropuerto Internacional de MonterreyEarly this month, the airline suspended regular service between Brownsville and Monterrey, citing declining passenger loads. A final flight was scheduled for June 7.

But according to airport spokesman Michael Jones, the situation is likely temporary. He believes AeroMexico could resume Brownsville service in the fall after it has swapped out its older fleet of regional jets for newer aircraft.

But Jones conceded that passenger loads were in decline. Gil Salinas, executive vice president of the Brownsville Economic Development Council, said AeroMexico has indicated it intends to keep an eye on the border market, leaving open the possibility that service could eventually resume.

The Greater Brownsville Incentives Corporation, based on a recommendation from BEDC, in 2011 approved subsidies of up to $500,000 for a year to help lure the airline. Another $175,000 was approved to market the Brownsville-to-Monterrey service, both in the Rio Grande Valley and in Mexico. Of the marketing funds, $100,000 went to Brownsville advertising firm Breeden McCumber and $44,000 to AeroMexico for marketing in Mexico, Salinas said. Of the $500,000 GBIC approved to subsidize the airline’s service to Brownsville in the event of inadequate ticket sales, he added, none of it has been spent “to date.” GBIC’s incentives are funded by a quarter-cent city sales tax allocated to the organization, whose primary mission is to grow Brownsville’s manufacturing and industrial sector.

Salinas said AeroMexico’s service to Brownsville had a strong first year before passenger numbers began to dwindle. “They recorded healthy numbers for the first year of operation,” he said. “Their second year, that’s when they started noticing a decline in boarding. That’s what resulted in their decision.”

Salinas said the drop in passenger loads was largely a result of heightened security on the toll road between Reynosa and Monterrey. “Driver confidence is up,” he said. “It’s gotten easier to drive from Brownsville to Monterrey than it was two years ago.” Also, having to be at the airport two hours before international flight departures wasn’t an efficient use of time considering Monterrey is only about two hours from Reynosa by car, Salinas said.

Jones said he believes the decline in passenger numbers was more the result of the time of day flights were being offered and the high price of tickets. He said he believes AeroMexico will be willing to work with the airport on both issues.